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Camp Djurs 2005

30 July to 13 August

 
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www.The Steno Museum

 

 

Visit the Steno Museum

 

which holds exhibitions on the history of science and the history of medicine. It also operates a planetarium and a medical herb garden. The exhibitions, which are based on original objects as well as reconstructions, models, posters and hands‑on exhibits, give a view of the development of science and medicine from ancient times until today. This development is described as a part of the general history of civilisation.

History of Science

The history of science exhibition at the Steno Museum is divided into a chronological part and a thematic part.

The chronological part gives an outline of the development of the exact sciences from ancient times to the Scientific Revolution. A special emphasis is put on the development of cosmology. This story begins with stone-age astronomy, e.g. Stonehenge, followed by a survey of Egyptian, Babylonian and Greek astronomy and mathematics. After an exposition of the many medieval sciences comes a presentation of Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Galileo and Kepler, which focuses on the transition from a geocentric to a heliocentric astronomy. Finally, examples are given of the breakthrough in experimental physics in the eighteenth century.

The thematic part deals with subjects such as astronomy, surveying, optics, electromagnetism, atomic and nuclear physics, radio, calculators and chemistry. The exhibit includes a number of geodetic and smaller astronomical instruments as well as some huge telescopes from around 1860. As a part of the presentation of the history of electromagnetism it is possible to repeat some of Ørsted's, Ampere's and Faraday's experiments. It is also possible to morse with an old electromagnetic telegraph. In the section on atomic physics it is possible to see spectra as well as samples of almost all the elements. There is also a big fog chamber which makes it possible to see the otherwise invisible background radiation.

Within the radio engineering section it is among other things shown how the transistor has revolutionised electronics. Among the calculators on display is one of the first computers built in Denmark in the 1950s.

 

History of Medicine

The exhibition about history of medicine, which mainly contains things from after 1800, is divided in two parts.

One part is arranged traditionally with an exhibition of artefacts, text and pictures, which gives a chronological outline of the development of medicine from ancient times to the present.

The other part contains a series of period rooms: a consulting room, a dental clinic with a pedal driven drill, an operating theatre from around WW1 and an old pharmacy. There is also a collection of early equipment for anaesthesia and x-ray examination.

The Medical Herb Garden

In the Steno Museum's terraced court a medical herb garden is laid out. It contains a large number of various medicinal plants, including spices and poisonous plants. Since ancient times medicinal substances have been prepared from plants. This knowledge has survived in medical books and herbals. The first publications in Danish appeared in the first half of the 16th century, and Henrik Smid's book "En skøn lystig ny urtegaard" (An attractive new herb garden) from 1546 became especially well-known. It influenced Danish pharmacy for generations and gives
us a good idea of the nature of medical treatment of that time. Henrik Smid was born around 1495 and died from plague in 1563. Among other things he was Christian II's physician-in-ordinary for several years. He believed that disease was a punishment from God, but that God also had given man the plants as a means of cure. Therefore Henrik Smid wanted to teach common people about the healing plants. Most of the medicinal herbs mentioned in his book are to be found in the garden.

 
 

 
         
 

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Updated: 04. august 2009