www.The Steno Museum
which holds exhibitions on
the history of science and the history of medicine. It also operates a
planetarium and a medical herb garden. The exhibitions, which are based
on original objects as well as reconstructions, models, posters and
hands‑on exhibits, give a view of the development of science and
medicine from ancient times until today. This development is described
as a part of the general history of civilisation.
History of Science
The history of science exhibition at the Steno Museum is divided into a
chronological part and a thematic part.
The chronological part
gives an outline of the development of the exact sciences from ancient
times to the Scientific Revolution. A special emphasis is put on the
development of cosmology. This story begins with stone-age astronomy,
e.g. Stonehenge, followed by a survey of Egyptian, Babylonian and Greek
astronomy and mathematics. After an exposition of the many medieval
sciences comes a presentation of Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Galileo and
Kepler, which focuses on the transition from a geocentric to a
heliocentric astronomy. Finally, examples are given of the breakthrough
in experimental physics in the eighteenth century.
The thematic part
deals with subjects such as astronomy, surveying, optics,
electromagnetism, atomic and nuclear physics, radio, calculators and
chemistry. The exhibit includes a number of geodetic and smaller
astronomical instruments as well as some huge telescopes from around
1860. As a part of the presentation of the history of electromagnetism
it is possible to repeat some of Ørsted's, Ampere's and Faraday's
experiments. It is also possible to morse with an old electromagnetic
telegraph. In the section on atomic physics it is possible to see
spectra as well as samples of almost all the elements. There is also a
big fog chamber which makes it possible to see the otherwise invisible
Within the radio
engineering section it is among other things shown how the transistor
has revolutionised electronics. Among the calculators on display is one
of the first computers built in Denmark in the 1950s.
History of Medicine
about history of medicine, which mainly contains things from after 1800,
is divided in two parts.
is arranged traditionally with an exhibition of artefacts, text and
pictures, which gives a chronological outline of the development of
medicine from ancient times to the present.
other part contains
a series of period rooms: a consulting room, a dental clinic with a
pedal driven drill, an operating theatre from around WW1 and an old
pharmacy. There is also a collection of early equipment for anaesthesia
and x-ray examination.
In the Steno
Museum's terraced court a medical herb garden is laid out. It contains a
large number of various medicinal plants, including spices and poisonous
plants. Since ancient times medicinal substances have been prepared from
plants. This knowledge has survived in medical books and herbals. The
first publications in Danish appeared in the first half of the 16th
century, and Henrik Smid's book "En skøn lystig ny urtegaard" (An
attractive new herb garden) from 1546 became especially well-known. It
influenced Danish pharmacy for generations and gives
us a good idea of the nature of medical treatment of that time. Henrik
Smid was born around 1495 and died from plague in 1563. Among other
things he was Christian II's physician-in-ordinary for several years. He
believed that disease was a punishment from God, but that God also had
given man the plants as a means of cure. Therefore Henrik Smid wanted to
teach common people about the healing plants. Most of the medicinal
herbs mentioned in his book are to be found in the garden.